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Best drug cocktails to counter complex diseases On April 17, Saturday, 2021

Facebook AI and the Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen have developed a new tool to help find effective drug cocktails. CPA (Compositional Perturbation Autoencoder) model predicts the effects of drug combinations, dosages, timing, and even other types of interventions. Model uses a novel self-supervision technique to observe cells treated with a finite number of drugs. It predicts the effect of unseen combinations and can extrapolate combinations of A+C, B+C or even how A+B interacts with C+D. The work is now available to the research community as a preprint on bioRxiv.

Read more at ai.facebook.com

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AI algorithms used by Big Tech can decode the language of Cancer and Alzheimer On April 14, Wednesday, 2021

Big data produced during decades of research was fed into a computer language model to see if artificial intelligence can make more advanced discoveries than humans. Academics based at St John's College, University of Cambridge, found the machine-learning technology could decipher the 'biological language' of cancer, Alzheimer's, and other neurodegenerative diseases. Ground-breaking study has been published in the scientific journal PNAS on April 8, 2021, and could be used in the future to "correct the grammatical mistakes inside cells that cause disease".

Read more at techxplore.com

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e-Spine increase the lifetime of Neuromorphic Systems On April 14, Wednesday, 2021

Neuromorphic computing systems are devices that mimic the neuro-biological structure of the nervous system. They can be programmed a limited number of times before they start exhibiting signs of 'aging and deterioration. Aged memory cells often lead to functional errors in the programs executed by neuromorphic devices. Researchers at Drexel University and University of California- Irvine created e-Spine, a technique that could increase the lifetime of neuromorphic systems. This technique automatically maps synapse elements of artificial neural networks to the memory cells of a neuromorphic system.

Read more at techxplore.com

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New form of human-machine interaction - Research On April 11, Sunday, 2021

Artificial intelligence processes are difficult to understand and often prove less useful than anticipated. Researchers in Germany are looking at how to make algorithms more explainable. Their work has been published in the respected journal IEEE Transactions on Cognitive and Developmental Systems. The goal of making algorithms accessible is central to what is known as "eXplainable Artificial Intelligence" (XAI) .The researchers describe explanation as a social practice, in which both parties co-construct the process of understanding.

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Elon Musk's Neuralink reveals monkey playing video game with its mind On April 09, Friday, 2021

Elon Musk-owned Neuralink has a video that appears to show a monkey playing "Pong" with a brain chip. The monkey, named Pager, had a chip implanted in his brain six weeks ago, the company says. Musk has boasted of getting monkeys to play video games with brain chips before. The tech could be used to give people control of synthetic limbs via a brain implant. The first Neuralink product will let people with paralysis control a smartphone, Musk says in a tweet. Andrew Jackson, a neuroscience expert who is a professor at Newcastle University, told Insider that the engineering of the device, being implanted wirelessly in Pager's skull, was a significant advance.

Read more at www.businessinsider.in

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Infer what we share by how we share On April 06, Tuesday, 2021

A new study looks at how real and fake information flows through a social media network. Carnegie Mellon researchers built a Twitter-like network and asked study participants to use it for two days. The network was populated with 20 authentic and 20 fake videos collected from verified sources of each. Over the course of 48 hours, 620 participants joined, shared and liked videos on the network. The study was published in last week's edition of Scientific Reports.

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AI detects and eliminates defects in display screen On April 03, Saturday, 2021

Researchers from the University of Toronto and LG AI Research have developed an "explainable" artificial intelligence algorithm. The algorithm can help identify and eliminate defects in display screens. Researchers say the XAI algorithm could potentially be applied in other fields that require a window into how machine learning makes its decisions. XAI is an emerging field that addresses issues with the 'black box' approach of machine learning strategies.

Read more at techxplore.com

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Waste Food Reduction - Another marvel of AI On April 03, Saturday, 2021

12 million tons of food end up in the trash in Germany every year. Over 30 percent of that is already destroyed in the production process. Germany has committed to the United Nations goal to reduce food waste by half by the year 2030. The Resource-efficient Intelligent Food Chain project has 30 partners working on a long-term solution. The primary focus is designing an AI ecosystem, which includes the participants at every step of the value chain, says Fraunhofer Institute for Casting, Composite and Processing Technology.

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Google Cloud AI now an icing on the cake for Mars Maltesers On March 31, Wednesday, 2021

Mars, Inc. asked Google Cloud AI and Google Search trends to create a quirky dessert. In 2021, Google Search Trends expect baking to be searched 44% more than last year. Marmite-infused buttercream is a UK-inspired twist on the classic chocolate maltesers and cake recipe. The recipe was created by combining chopped and whole Maltesers with an AI-optimized cake and cookie recipe. It's a perfect example of how AI and humans can work together in the kitchen, says Google Cloud.

Read more at cloud.google.com

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Noobs of AI to benefit from it's applications via IDMT-ISSAC On March 30, Tuesday, 2021

Artificial intelligence holds great potential for quality control in manufacturing companies. The procedure for training AI models is complex and calls for mathematics knowledge. The new IDMT-ISAAC software helps users without any expert knowledge of AI to overcome these hurdles. The software is set to be showcased at the Hannover Messe from April 12-16, 2021. The plan is to adapt the software to live operations in summer 2021. It should then be able to promptly analyze real-time data from production and optimize quality assurance processes.

Read more at techxplore.com

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SigOpt is a leader in AI software - Intel On March 28, Sunday, 2021

SigOpt, an Intel company, is a leader in artificial intelligence (AI) software acceleration. By making customers' AI workloads more efficient, SigOpt helps them get the most out of their hardware investment. Kisaco Research says the platform can take operational tasks that are time intensive for machine learning and make them easy and seamless using AI to assist in this task. The report details how two of SigOpt's Fortune 500 customers, Two Sigma and an unnamed large technology consulting firm, use the advanced features that are only available in its platform.

Read more at newsroom.intel.com

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Backpack to support blind walk in public without a cane On March 28, Sunday, 2021

Researchers at the University of Georgia have created a backpack equipped with AI to help the blind. The backpack holds a smart AI system running on a laptop and cameras hidden in a vest and waist pack. The system is trained to recognise objects a sighted pedestrian would see when walking around in a town or city. It can also alert the user to obstacles such as curbs, benches, potted plants and other people. The user receives spoken messages from the system via Bluetooth earpiece.

Read more at techxplore.com

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AI names colors as humans do On March 26, Friday, 2021

Humans use words to represent different colors consistently in our languages. This is because we optimize language to balance the need for accurate communication with a biological drive toward minimize effort. Facebook AI has now shown that cutting-edge AI systems behave similarly. Is it possible that the languages can be optimally structured only if they are made up of discrete symbols? The research was published in the open-source journal "Linguistics and Cognition Sciences".

Read more at ai.facebook.com

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Apple on a shopping spree - Bought most AI companies between 2016 and 2020 On March 26, Friday, 2021

Apple has bought 25 AI companies between 2016 and 2020. Comes ahead of companies like Accenture, Google, Microsoft, and Facebook. Most of the acquisitions seem to be related to improving Siri. Apple has gone on a shopping spree in efforts to catch up with Google (Google Assistant) and Amazon (Alexa). The post Apple's AI acquisition spree was first reported by CNN iReport.

Read more at 9to5mac.com

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Fastest AI Supercomputer from Sweden is now online - Named as Berzelius On March 24, Wednesday, 2021

Berzelius is Sweden's fastest supercomputer for AI and machine learning. Supercomputer is based on the Nvidia DGX Super Pod computing architecture and delivers 300 petaflops of AI performance. A donation of EUR 29.5 million from the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation made the construction of the new supercomputer possible. Berzelius will be important for the development of Swedish AI research carried out in collaboration between the academic world and the industry. The supercomputer takes its name from the renowned scientist Jacob Berkelius.

Read more at insidehpc.com

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Comparative analysis : Robotic faces can become more lifelike and expressive like humans On March 24, Wednesday, 2021

Researchers at Osaka University used motion capture cameras to compare the expressions of android and human faces. They found that the mechanical facial movements of the robots, especially in the upper regions, did not fully reproduce the curved flow lines seen in the faces of actual people. Future work may help give the android faces the same level of expressiveness as humans have, the researchers say. Each robot may even have its own individual 'personality' that will help people feel more comfortable.

Read more at techxplore.com

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AI assists DARPA progress in Air Combat Evolution Program On March 24, Wednesday, 2021

Collaborative Aircraft Autonomy program aims to equip aircraft to fly autonomously with the assistance of AI. ACE program seeks to train these AI-controlled aircraft through human-computer interaction during flight simulation and in the real world. Recent simulation against an experience F-16 fighter pilot resulted in the AI aircraft outmaneuvering its human piloted counterpart 5-0. The mission remains to develop a scalable and trusted autonomy to help avoid risking the lives and safety of human pilots.

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Do AI models understand the meaning of fairness? On March 23, Tuesday, 2021

Artificial intelligence systems play a major role in deciding who gets proper health care, a bank loan or a job. Michigan State University professor has been working to teach algorithms how to be more fair. His research team is borrowing ideas from social science to build a definition of fairness for AI systems. "We're trying to make AI aware of fairness and to do that, you need to tell it what is fair," he says.

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Artificial Intelligence to tackle wildfires - California County tests technology On March 22, Monday, 2021

Sonoma County, California, is adding artificial intelligence to its wildfire-fighting arsenal. The county has entered into an agreement with the South Korean firm Alchera to outfit its network of fire-spotting cameras. The software sifts through past and current images of terrain and searches for certain changes. Emergency workers will first have to teach the system to differentiate between images that show fire smoke, and others that might show clouds, fog, or vapor from geothermal geysers. It will use feedback from humans to refine its algorithm and will eventually be able to detect fires on its own.

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AI that can understand the world better : Facebook On March 22, Monday, 2021

Even state-of-the-art AI models can struggle with the simple task of identifying a golden retriever covered in mud. At Facebook AI, we've been exploring this challenge of capturing natural variation. We hope these contributions bring the computer vision community one step closer to developing AI systems that can better understand the visual world in all its complexity, say the researchers.

Read more at ai.facebook.com

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Physicians uses AI to diagnose epilepsy faster On March 19, Friday, 2021

Epilepsy is a highly individualised condition, difficult to diagnose uniformly or at scale. Researchers have been collecting electroencephalography (EEG) data about patients for quite some time. IBM researchers have developed a new open hybrid cloud platform to manage and analyse secured epilepsy patient data. The results indicate deep learning can play an extremely important role in patient-specific seizure detection using EEG data, they say. It could potentially help reduce the time a clinician would need to read EEG records to diagnose patients.

Read more at www.ibm.com

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IBM's debating system competes with expert human debaters On March 19, Friday, 2021

IBM has developed an artificial intelligence-based system designed to engage in debates with humans. The system, known as Project Debater, scans the internet for arguments and rebuttals that it can use to back up its claims. It was tested against an expert debater in a live debate and did very well. In a later test, it was asked to convince a panel of viewers that telemedicine was a good idea. Most of those on the panel found that the AI system did indeed change their stance.

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Google announces Sleep Sensing in the new Nest Hub On March 18, Thursday, 2021

Sleep is foundational to a person's everyday well being and can impact mood, energy, diet, productivity, and more. Sleep Sensing is an opt-in feature that can help users better understand their nighttime wellness. It uses radar-based sleep tracking and an algorithm for cough and snore detection. While not intended for medical purposes, it can be used by Nest Hub users to monitor their sleep patterns and sleep habits in a contactless bedside setup. The new Nest Hub is a first step in empowering users to understand their wellness using privacy-preserving radar and audio signals.

Read more at ai.googleblog.com

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1.4 million UK jobs could be automated in 2021 - Research On March 18, Thursday, 2021

Faethm's mission is to prepare the world "for the future of work" by using an AI engine trained on billions of workforce data points. 4.8 percent of work - equivalent to 1.4 million full-time roles - to be automated over the next 12 months. Wales, Northern Ireland and the North of England have the highest proportions of jobs at risk of automation. Jobs in the wholesale, retail, and financial sectors are most at-risk.

Read more at artificialintelligence-news.com

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Q.F.T draws Deep Neural Network to Quantum Computer - Qualcomm AI On March 15, Monday, 2021

Qualcomm team proposes direct mapping of a deep neural network onto an optical quantum computer. Quantum computing devices can overcome the technological and thermodynamical limits of classical computation. The proposed model uses elements of quantum mechanics and classical mechanics for the non-linearity. The "Hintons" in the paper title is an homage to Geoffrey Hinton, who coined the term "quantum entanglement" to refer to the elementary excitation of the quantum field from which optical quantum neural networks are made.

Read more at syncedreview.com

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Affordable Smart Irrigation using standard digital camera and AI On March 15, Monday, 2021

Researchers at UniSA have developed a cost-effective new technique to monitor soil moisture using a standard digital camera and machine learning technology. By 2050 many areas of the planet may not have enough fresh water to meet the demands of agriculture. One solution to this global dilemma is the development of more efficient irrigation, central to which is precision monitoring of soil moisture. Current methods for sensing soil moisture are problematic as the buried sensors are susceptible to salts in the substrate and require specialized hardware.

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Deepfakes - Are the people in images real or fake? On March 13, Saturday, 2021

Computer scientists from University of Buffalo developed a tool that identifies deepfake photos by analyzing light reflections in the eyes. The tool proved 94% effective with portrait-like photos in experiments. Tool maps face, examines tiny differences in eyes to spot small deviations in the reflected light of the eyes of deepfake images.

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Fairness of AI models in practice at facebook On March 12, Friday, 2021

At Facebook fairness in AI is not about checking a box, solving a mathematical equation, or reaching a single, specific goal. It is a process, not just a property of a system. Researchers published a new paper about a holistic approach to addressing fairness issues in a real-world setting. The approach considers fairness across multiple related dimensions: at the product level, the policy level, and the implementation level.

Read more at ai.facebook.com

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AI shows, Beauty is in the Brain On March 06, Saturday, 2021

Researchers at the University of Helsinki and University of Copenhagen used artificial intelligence to interpret brain signals and create facial images that intrigued individual preferences. The AI model was able to identify and capture the facial features considered attractive by individuals and create new appealing images.

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Level-4 Autonomous Testing of Self Driving Trucks in Sweden On March 03, Wednesday, 2021

Scania, the swedish manufacturer of heavy lorries, trucks and buses in collaboration with San Diego based company TuSimple is testing L4 level self-driving trucks on the E4 motorway between Sodertalje and Jonkoping. The truck is controlled by the TuSimple unmanned driving system. TuSimple has also partnered with companies like Volkswagen and Navistar to test commercial vehicles.

Read more at www.scania.com

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Is Python Better for Machine Learning and AI? On March 02, Tuesday, 2021

With predictive analytics and pattern recognition becoming more popular, Python services are a priority for high-scale enterprises. Surveys show that Python is now one of the top programming languages after C and Java. Python has the power and scalability to handle massive amounts of data requests simultaneously. It would be interesting to see the integration of Python and Machine Learning in the future.

Read more at www.business2community.com

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Maia - An AI chessmaster that predicts human mistakes On March 01, Monday, 2021

Chess program known as Maia focuses on predicting human moves, including the mistakes they make. The hope is that it may be better at interacting with humans, by teaching or assisting them. Maia was developed using code adapted from Leela Zero, an open source clone of Alpha Zero. A system that anticipates errors might be used to train doctors to read medical images or help them catch errors.

Read more at www.wired.com

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Deep Nostalgia - Bring forefathers back to life. On March 01, Monday, 2021

Unsettling field of artificial intelligence never seize to amaze the world of it's immeasurable powers. Recently an AI-powered service Deep Nostalgia developed by an online genealogy company "My Heritage" creates an effect that a still picture is moving. Unlike to iOS live photo feature, deep nostalgia take photos from any camera and bring them to life. The idea of the company is to allow users to upload photos of their deceased ones and bring them back to life.

Read more at www.theverge.com

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Lyra - Low Bitrate codec for speech compression On February 27, Saturday, 2021

Codec plays a vital role in allowing bandwidth hungry applications to run efficiently under poor network conditions. The surge in the usage of voice and video calls have lead to the expectation of high quality communication anywhere at anytime. Google AI with Victoria University of Wellington created Lyra, a novel low bitrate codec for speech compression that leverages on the advancements in the field of ML in combination with traditional codec techniques, to create an efficient method in compressing and transmitting voice signals over slower networks.

Read more at ai.googleblog.com

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MIT Driverless competes in autonomous vehicle tech, IAC On February 27, Saturday, 2021

Indy Autonomous Challenge (IAC), world's first high speed autonomous race where MIT Driverless will hit the famed Indianapolis speed track with modified Dallara-15. MIT Driverless, comprising of 50 diligent researchers working in the field of autonomous driving since 2018,will be competing to outperform fellow university innovators to grab the prize money of $1.5 million.

Read more at news.mit.edu

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"Crowd and Mask" monitoring system by IISER bhopal to prevent COVID spread On February 26, Friday, 2021

Innovators from Indian Institute of Science Education and Research have devised a crowd and mask monitoring system to maintain social distancing in the college premises as the students begin to return to campuses in phases. This AI-ML based monitoring system uses a high definition camera attached to a SOC (System on Chip) and a 5V battery for monitoring people around the campus. It generates a warning if social distancing norms are breached by the gathering of people.

Read more at www.financialexpress.com

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Can you Hack AI? On February 22, Monday, 2021

Cybercrime is already a lucrative pastime for e-criminals and online threats to your personal data are becoming more sophisticated. Bad guys are using AI to crack passwords, and scientists used it to crack LinkedIn profiles in 2013. Hackers are using improved, 2021 tech for evil rather than good, writes author. We will have to learn to live with machines that are getting smarter with every byte of information it absorbs, he says. The genie has been let out of the bottle and AI isn't going to disappear any more than any other new technology has, he adds.

Read more at roboticsandautomationnews.com

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Four Ways AI And Machine Learning Will Drive Future Innovation And Change On February 18, Thursday, 2021

"Federated ML" or a "cloud-in-a-pocket" approach will play a more prominent role in the future. IDC expects worldwide AI spending to reach $110 billion by 2024. "Algorithmic e-commerce" is the smart, systemic digitization of business functions. It will usher in the widespread adoption of AI and machine learning by enterprises in the e- commerce sector. The market shift will lead to a market shift that delivers more value to consumers, says IDC. The onset of Covid-19 was a catalyst for advancing technologies in medicine, and the health sector.

Read more at www.forbes.com

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Solve Complex Challenges using Artificial Intelligence And Machine Learning On February 18, Thursday, 2021

Maxar has the largest archive of commercial satellite imagery in the world, including 110 petabytes of imagery dating back to 2000. The company has more than 3 million sq km of satellite imagery added daily. Maxar is employing cutting-edge machine learning and AI techniques for a range of applications. The combination of AI and WorldView Legion data brings enormous potential to emerging technologies like smart cities, IoT, autonomous vehicles, simulations, and communications, according to Maxar's CEO.

Read more at www.forbes.com

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